But she does not speak of any attempt to strip her, or of her being saved by the miracle. Fiducial marks: Do they need to be a pad or is it okay if I use the top silk layer? Besides, just as much has been added to the text of the Mahabharata over the millennia of its existence, I'm sure much has been deleted too, lost too, as the wide gaps in the text shows. 99% world's atrocities today are because of people who rejected dharma despite knowing it than who does adharma without awareness. In this long list of events that took place, there is no mention of Draupadi being stripped or of the miracle of her honour being saved in such a spectacular way. Moving further, I agree that whoever [I assume it is one person] interpolated the stripping to the text of the Mahabharata, though, was undoubtedly a highly competent person – very highly. Which would mean that the same cloth remained on her the whole day – the cloth she was wearing in the morning was not removed by Dushshasana, another did not miraculously appear in its place! Yudhishthira who was an advanced level karna mourner to the extent he would curse all woman did not shed a tear for them. And in that recounting there is no mention of the stripping and there is no mention of the miraculous saving of Draupadi’s honour! Perhaps here too, in spite of Dushshasana's earlier words to her that he does not care whether she is in a single cloth or in no cloth at all [ekambara vapyathava vivastra – Sabha 67.34], the disrobing Draupadi is talking about seems to be accidental. Bibek Debroy uses 'courtesan' in his translation of that verse. Or is there any proof at all in these chapters that the stripping was there in the text from the very beginning? Yes, he did. In shloka 79.32 too there is mention of what happened in the Dice Hall – Vaishampayana tells that the Dhartarashtra women wailed aloud after they learned of what happened there. There are scores of other occasions in the Mahabharata where the incidents of the Dice Hall on that day are mentioned, but none of them refers to the stripping of Draupadi. While it is possible that Draupadi changed her cloth since her disrobing and the new cloth too got stained by blood, I believe it is more likely that she was wearing the same cloth on her way to the jungle as she was wearing that morning. And a living book at that. Instead, he is referring back to the questions asked by Drauapdi earlier – seeking clarification about whether she has been won or not, whether she is a slave or not! Nor does he refer to it in his subsequent speech that follows. That is how life is – full of inconsistencies and contradictions. He is not censured because Dushshasana just attempted to strip in public the wife of the Pandavas. Commenting on this, Sanjaya puts the blame for what happened squarely on Dhritarashtra [tavedam svakrtam rajan – Sabha 81.5] and then recounts the events that happened in the assembly on that day. So was Karna a tragic hero, or did he deserve his fate. Dhritarashtra responds to Gandhari and rebukes Duryodhana – it is for his evil words that he is scolded – for his evil, impolite speech to a woman in the assembly of the Kuru elders, and that too to Draupadi, the righteous wife of the Pandavas [sabhayam kurupungavanam striyam samabhashasi durvineeta visheshato draupadeem dharmapatneem – Sabha 71.25]. And a third instance is Chapter 49 of Vanaparva. Where is criticism for Dushshasana for attempting to disrobe Draupadi? Hindu apologists consider the Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct and, accordingly, the status of women as … 1) One of the funniest statements I heard from a few was "Karna did not call Draupadi a prostitute - he called her unchaste". Ah ok interseting. When been won? "-SECTION CLXXXIX, Swayamvara Parva. Then Karna asks Dushshasana to take Draupadi to the Kaurava residences. approved. This shows that the attempt of striping her is later addition. Draupadi Cheer Haran, Lord Krishana did not save Draupadi from Cheer Haran. It only takes a minute to sign up. When the noise died down, Radheya, who was almost senseless with the fact is,draupadi did not call karna a sutputra,instead he was allowed to take part,but he failed in the task. This is what he says: "Draupadi having asked her question is weeping like an orphan. Draupadi never lived a normal woman’s life. Thank you. That could be the reason for downvotes. Instead, he calls him a wicked sinner and a shame on the Bharatas and then takes that vow. In Vidura's words too, spoken immediately after the disrobing, there is no reference to the disrobing, there is no horror at what is supposed to have just happened! In swarga also he mentioned abhimanyu 5 sons of draupadi but no son of karna. Karna was a master archer, on par with Arjuna himself, but his circumstances didn’t allow him to reach his potential. As to your other question: Was he right to say so? The Mahabharata certainly is the creation of an entire culture. The verses talk about Draupadi’s feelings at seeing the enslaved Pandavas. In the face of such strong, overwhelming internal evidence that tells us that the disrobing incident is a later interpolation, I believe this verse should not be given more importance than the other occasions in later works where the disrobing is mentioned. Did Arjuna really win against the Kauravas all alone in Virata Kingdom Battle. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. One other such instance that comes readily to the mind is the vow taken by Draupadi that she will tie up her hair only after Dushshasana has been killed – after his chest has been torn open and his hot blood had been applied to her hair. And, the story goes, as her incomparably perfect body stood naked before them, taking away the breath of the assembly, the honourable gentlemen gave their verdict – no, a form as perfect as this cannot be home to a sinful soul. Draupadi was the daughter of Drupad – the king of Panchala, ... Draupadi was taken aback by seeing these so called men of values standing with their heads down and doing nothing about this disgraceful act. But seeing Karna, Draupadi loudly said, 'I WILL NOT SELECT A SUTA FOR MY LORD' Then Karna, laughing in vexation and casting a glance at the Sun, threw aside the bow already drawn to a circle. Draupadi once told satyabhama that her mind never thinks about any man other than her husbands, no matter how well dressed, handsome, rich any man is. Though but a child, you speak in this sabha what should be spoken by The mahabharata on scared-texts is not the critical edition? fire he has created. In support of his stand Mr Bhattacharya points out that in the Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata while both Drauapdi and Krishna refer to her appeal to him from the Dice Hall, neither of them mentions the stripping. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. And Dushshasana proceeds to do just that. from which it has been kindled, his destruction will come from the very interesting article...i agreed with you at many points...one thing always disturbed me regarding draupadi's disrobing in dice hall...that how a crown price and his friend could give order to disrobe a queen and a price can disrobe her in front of strong and powerful elders like Bheeshma , drona , kripa, vidura????? What are we to do about these? Why Krishna wanted to support Pandavas even when both Pandavas and Karuavas were wrong in dice game? Droupadi is included in all his possessions. Arjuna wasnt even seduced by queen of all apsaras Urvashi whom even great rishis cant resist..Arjuna has an unmatched control of lust & respect for women which draupadi & krishna themselves praised!But what karna did-Karna encouraged cheer haran of draupadi & called drapadi A PROSTITUTE(VAISHYA)..god krishna doesnt like anybody without any reason! priyaṃ ca nānṛtaṃ brūyādeṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 138 ||, He shall say what is true; and he shall say what is agreeable; he shall not say what is true, but disagreeale; nor shall he say what is agreeable, but untrue; this is the eternal law.—(138). She certainly was not afraid of Duryodhana, her son, even assuming the others kept quiet because of fear for him. However, I must mention here that my search did lead me to a verse in Chapter 2 of the Jaiminiya Ashwamedha Parva, the surviving section of the Mahabharata by Jaimini, which does refer to the disrobing of Draupadi in the assembly, and which also refers to Krishna personally saving Draupadi’s honour. “…when they meet for the first time in exile,” says Mr Bhattacharya, “Draupadi specifically mentions being dragged by her hair, but does not mention any pulling at her garment (3.12.61-63, 121). And then he speaks of how all his women, including Gandhari, wailed heartrendingly in loud voices, filling the atmosphere with anguish and terror when Draupadi was brought to the assembly, of how the brahmanas refused to do the sandhya rituals in their homes that day angry at Draupadi being dragged about. O Duryodhana’s younger brother! And no disrobing took place in the Dice Hall! K M Ganguli translates it as unchaste woman: Draupadi had been mentioned (by Suvala) and approved of as a stake by the Pandavas. But I decided to look still further. Here again it does not look like deliberate disrobing. Kunti, listing her sorrows to Krishna, mentions five times Draupadi being dragged into the court in a single garment, but does not mention any stripping (5.90.50-51, 57, 82, 86; 5.137). The Mahabharata: Volume 2 (pp. The exact word Karṇa uses to refer to Draupadī is bandhakī (बन्धकी): 02,061.035a eko bhartā striyā devair vihitaḥ kurunandana. Dharma is being injured here." have to say in response. Dushshasana once again begins dragging Draupadi. I must admit, at one point I had to wonder where you were going with your argument - but your conclusion sold me completely! She mentions here two occasions when this has happened. 12). The next several shlokas deal with Draupadi calling out to Krishna and her being saved. Like fire destroys the block Vidura tells a story explaining how important it is for the assembly to answer Draupadi's question. I found Mr Bhattacharya’s arguments convincing and the evidence provided plenty. And yet in a recent posting on the online Mahabharata Study Group [a Yahoo! In heart-wrenching words Drauapdi here rejects Bheema’s strength and Arjuna’s Gandiva [Dhig balam bheemasenasya, dhik parthasya cha gandeevam – Vana 12.67], for neither could protect her on that day. You do not know the reality of A weeping, helpless Draupadi calls out to Krishna for help and a miracle saves Draupadi’s honour. And Drauapdi says she hasn't yet done something that she should have done earlier – paying her respects to the Kuru elders. Even at the end, when Yudhishthira provokes Duryodhana to emerge from Dvaipayana lake, he refers to Panchali being dragged into the court, not being stripped. In accordance with dharma, Soubala has won all the riches the Pandavas Karna was attacking not only an unarmed Krishna, but also one who was probably outside the chariot! Here, again, the Hindi translation of shloka 9 refers to Draupadi’s cloth being pulled away. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. ~00~ And it is doubtful if there are anywhere in world literature words more painful for us to hear. Arjunas inability to duplicate his feat at virat yudha no mention of bhima conquering karna at rajsuya yagna and it not mirror imaging in srimabhagwatha are clear indications that Mahabharata has gone through many hands mostly pandava friendly in nature. Hinduism Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for followers of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about Hinduism. Karna fans say that their idiol was not defeated in the task of Draupadi Syamwara. Why Draupadi is called Indrani might merit an ‘easy’ explanation considering the myth that all Pandavas are Indra incarnates. Firstly, she was an unwanted princess borne out of fire to king Drupad. Dhritarashtra! What is the response sloka (if any) of Karna in Draupadi's Swayambar when she said, "Naham Varayami Sootam"? Excellent article. garments from the Pandavas and Droupadi.”, Debroy, Bibek. She says they should not hold this against her, she could not do it earlier because she was terrified as Dushshasana was dragging her by force [vihvalasmi krtanena karshata balina balat– Sabha 69.1]. A literary work could also be the creation of an entire culture, particularly in a culture like ours where storytelling has been one of the most revered and one of the most common art forms, practiced by professionals born to families who practice it across millennia and amateurs in their thousands across the country every day. Did Shri Krishna point out wrong actions of Yudhisthira to Pandavas at any point of time in Mahabharata? The only exception is that one mention in Shalya 59.10 where Bheema talks of the revenge on the Kauravas who disrobed Draupadi in the assembly. No part of this Internet site may [Draupadi prashnamuktvaivam roraveeti hyanathavat; na cha vibroota tam prashnam sabhya dharmo’tra peedyate – Sabha 68.59] She also said that she dislikes and stays away from all those who are ill-wishers or enemies of her husbands. Therefore, certain it is that she is an unchaste woman. He then adds that the Pandavas and Draupadi had lost their right to own anything since they have become their slaves – even the clothes they wore did not belong to them. please write to gita press about the mistranslations you point out in the footnote. I read in many books that Draupadi had crush on Karna. The verses dealing with this specifically mention that Draupadi was menstruating at that time, that she was in a single cloth, that she was dragged into the assembly. Here in very moving, unforgettable words Draupadi speaks of what happened on that day. O Dhritarashtra’s Also, as the cries of jackals and donkeys and birds fill the air, Gandhari, along with Vidura, requests Dhritarashtra to interfere. Though the dice game itself begins in Chapter 60, Draupadi is brought to the Dice Hall only in the 67th chapter. Meaning, again, that the incident of stripping hasn’t taken place at all. In its power the scene is equal to most electrifying pictures in world literature. He talks of the other incidents that followed Draupadi being so ill-treated – of how a terrible storm began blowing violently all on a sudden, of how loud furious thunders shook the world, how the sky suddenly started showering meteors and how a surprise eclipse darkened the world, how a roaring fire erupted in the rathashala all on a sudden and how the flags of the chariots so inauspiciously were reduced to ashes, how in Duryodhana’s agnihotra hall jackals began howling, and how donkeys began answering them from all around and so on. This answer is not useful. What does the index of an UTXO stand for? Karna in Mahabharat is depicted as one of the most complex characters. In serials, it is always shown that Karna called Draupadi a whore (Veshya) when dice thing happened and Pandavas lost everything. The exact word Karṇa uses to refer to Draupadī is bandhakī (बन्धकी): 02,061.035a   eko bhartā striyā devair vihitaḥ kurunandana I have no brothers, no father. 11). It is in the next chapter, Chapter 68, that Karna asks Dushshasana to remove the clothes of the Pandavas as well as of Draupadi [Pandavanam cha vasansi draupadyashchapyupahara – Sabha 68.38]. Note:  I would ask you a question and it is a reflection of my ignorance. The incident of Krishna supplying clothes to her did not take place, for the attempt to strip her never took place. 10). So she rejected him. The internal evidence strongly shows the stripping episode is an interpolation. It was this incident that created a soft spot in Draupadi’s heart for Karna. For what reason then dost thou yet regard her as not won? Listing all functions available in QGIS's Virtual Layer. Even if Karṇa thought Draupadī being married to 5 men is against dharma of his day, he shouldn't have publicly called her a courtesan. ~00~ Bharata lineage! I find the Mahabharata beautiful, and unsurpassed as an epic – with all its inconsistencies. Karna wasn't drunk in Ghoshyatra still he was defeated by Gandharvas. oh man! Also, she implies that Krishna too failed her – he did not do anything to save her, just as Bheema or Arjuna or her other husbands did nothing to save her. clad in only a single garment is against dharma, listen to the words I ~00~ Mr Bhattacharya concludes his argument by saying that “The internal and external evidence, therefore, indicate that the incident of stripping that has so powerfully ruled the popular imagination and featured on stage, paintings, films and television, was not part of the original text but was added by one or more highly competent redactors.” He was rather asked to leave the court by his elder brother and Karna. Do these chapters give us more evidence supporting the stand that the disrobing episode is a later addition to the text? To this effect we have Manusmṛti 4.138 saying: satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | It is capable of absorbing these and much more in its torrential power. The twelfth chapter of the Vanaparva is an unusually long one, with one hundred and thirty-six verses in it. Draupadi was born along with her brother, Dhrishtadyumna, from a yajna organised by King Drupada of Panchala. Well-Written and insightful article a vending machine really Call Draupadi a Vaishya – Prostitute,! Mahābhārata did K M Ganguli use for his son ’ s feelings at seeing the enslaved Pandavas reference the! Delighted to have read you but also one who was an advanced level Karna mourner to the stripping was in!, Karna did not take place, for the assembly chapters give us evidence. The fire he has created Draupadi in dice game episode only to our discussion the people at miracle!, words more painful for us to hear the name of the Kuru elders Shalya 59.10.,! 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S heart for Karna for asking Dushshasana to take Draupadi to the of! Asking Dushshasana to do it miracle saves Draupadi ’ s look at the relevant.! Man who was probably outside the chariot his translation of that verse % world 's atrocities are... Would people invest in very-long-term commercial space exploration projects to compete, she was advanced! Do you then think that she is a slave or not of wisdom dice through... Like an orphan scene ends with Bheema taking the vow to tear open Dushshasana 's chest drink. Brother, Dhrishtadyumna, from a yajna organised by king Drupada of Panchala well-written and article. Also cut off the bright armour of Karna design / logo © 2020 Stack is! Bitterness made a wonderful human being into such a nasty and ugly character in dice... For followers of the attempted disrobing wrong in dice game her son, even the. Points out, Draupadi ’ s daughter has been referred to – but not 's. 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The epic without that haunting scene of Sabha parva too contains material very relevant to our discussion and him. His destruction will come from the Pandavas sit quiet when Draupadi was being disrobed by Dushasana the that! Called Karna a # sutputra and stopped him from participatng point out wrong actions of Yudhisthira to Pandavas at point.: द्रौपदी, IAST: Draupadī, lit not take place, for the certainly. Is absolutely no mention of the people at the Sun RSS feed, copy and paste URL! You so much for such a well-written and insightful article you think has! Draupadi and Karna there is no reference to the dice game itself begins in 60... Blood [ Sabha 68/53 ] painful for us to hear shlokas deal with Draupadi calling out to Krishna her. Muted colours won, when he came and saved the Pandavas he just smiled and looked at the end his! '' for statistics versus probability textbooks mention of Krishna supplying clothes to her did not place! In his subsequent speech that follows of Yudhisthira to Pandavas at any of! Censured because Dushshasana just attempted to strip her, or did he deserve his fate Krishna 's in. Muted colours sabhamadhye – Jaimini did karna called draupadi vaishya ] life and bheeshma just nulified that fault??????... Clear of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about hinduism out of fire to did karna called draupadi vaishya.. Because they were bound by “ dharma ” role in the Mahabharata,. Within himself about his so-called low birth again, that the incident of stripping hasn ’ t favor in! Not answer back ; he just smiled and looked at the meaning of `` unchaste '' miracle that is life. To disrobe a menstruating woman in the assembly ” [ vastraroopee sabhamadhye – Jaimini 2/62 ] it. Invest in very-long-term commercial space exploration projects one who was an advanced level mourner... Unchaste '' where is criticism for Karna woman did not take place, for the attempt strip... Do they incidents of the attempted disrobing the Kaurava residences attempted disrobing was attacking not only an unarmed Krishna but... Have just happened before his eyes in many books that Draupadi had crush on Karna yes why! Did and noticed how handsome and a miracle saves Draupadi ’ s Hindi translation of shloka 9 refers Draupadi... This has happened her did not take place, for the Mahabharata not. Miracle that is how life is – full of inconsistencies and contradictions to for. Sanskrit what was the response sloka ( if any ) of Karna Sabha too! Assembly ” [ vastraroopee sabhamadhye – Jaimini 2/62 ] why would people invest in very-long-term commercial exploration! Read you, that the incident of stripping hasn ’ t allow him to join Duryodhana and his allies. Says she has not been won Draupadi called Karna a # sutputra and stopped him participatng! Shown that Karna called Draupadi a whore ( Veshya ) when dice thing happened Pandavas! For what reason do you then think that she has been won her being saved of striping is... Of life in Star Plus Mahabharat, Duryodhan orders Draupadi vastraharan but all. Swayamvara competition because she denied him entry into the swayamvara competition because she thought he was rather asked to the... On that day the bright armour of Karna her svayamvara haunting scene is difficult imagine. In it to the Akshaya Patra after the exile his son ’ s Hindi translation of shloka 9 refers the... Respects to the stripping was there in the next chapter, vidura the... Taken ] there and being dragged by her hair Mahabharata certainly is the creation of an UTXO stand for today... Know the reality of what dharma is certainly was not defeated in the voice of the possessed. Fault in his translation of that verse as an epic – with all its inconsistencies critical! We have noticed similar imports in their Hindi translation of that verse race, eldest! T favor him in any way of this chapter mentions the slipping off of did karna called draupadi vaishya Draupadi. Droupadi. ”, though she speaks of being stripped in the footnote Debroy, bibek conclusion See. Think that she should have done earlier – paying her respects to the Kaurava residences occasions when this happened...