Itch. Plant diversity is a basic source of food and medicines for the local communities of the Himalayas. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. For a list of references used on this page please go here. The use of the term for fresh fruit is obsolete except when applied to varieties grown for drying . Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Europe to W. Asia. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use … Heat Zones range from 1 (no heat days) to 12 (210 or more heat days). In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Requires a well-drained moisture retentive soil[1, 11] and a sheltered position[200]. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Prunus domestica . QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. The Plant Heat Zone map is based on the number of "heat days" experienced in a given area where the temperature climbs to over 86 degrees F (30°C). Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. If you are unsure of the spelling of a plant or would like a more detailed website search, please use … Naturalized in Britain. The root pattern is suckering with new plants from runners away from the plant [2-1]. Grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Antioxidants like vitamin C, Zea-xanthin, lutein, cryptoxanthin, are health-promoting compounds and scavengers against free radicals which are responsible for many diseases. 1. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate[113]. 4.2. Prunus domestica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. This attracted my attention and more light on this. At this temperature, many plants begin to suffer physiological damage. Prefers growing in a continental climate, mild winters tend to encourage earlier flowering with a greater risk of frost damage to the blossom. The traditional medicinal plants have been mostly used for the treatment of wounds (25.3%), cold and influenza (24.6%), stomach (20%), cough … The root pattern is flat with shallow roots spreading near the soil surface. Plums help to reduced cholesterol by inhibiting LDL oxidation in humans and beneficial for heart diseases. It has an agreeable almond smell and flavour[4]. American Plum, American Wild Plum, Wild Plum, Chickasaw Plum, Watson's plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry. This species is probably a hybrid of ancient origin between P. spinosa and P. cerasifera, coupled with chromosome doubling[17]. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Enter your email address to Get Instant Email when a new post goes live on Gyanunlimited, Career in Commerce after 12th-Job Opportunities in Commerce, Careers in Chartered Accountancy-One of the Best Paid Jobs in India. In small amounts this exceedingly poisonous compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and gives a sense of well-being[238]. Here are the top 6 benefits of baobab fruit and powder. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Primary information, health benefits, side effects, usage, and other important details Pygeum is an herbal supplement derived from the bark of the Prunus africana tree. Prunes come with a large number of health benefits and can improve digestion while offering needed nutrients. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. and size shown above) information on the habit and root pattern is also useful and given here if available. The active constituents of Prunus domestica extract include phytosterols (e.g., beta-sitosterol) that have anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins in the prostate. You will receive a range of benefits including: Seed - raw or cooked. Thrives in a loamy soil, doing well on limestone[11]. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Abstract Context: Prunus domestica Linn (Rosaceae) has been considered a functional food, owing to its various pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and anticancer. The ground up seeds are used cosmetically in the production of face-masks for dry skin[7]. Eating plums helps in the production and absorption of iron thus good for blood circulation and overall health of the body. * Exclusive content not on the website Prunus domestica var. Regular eating of plums is good for vision and macular degeneration. Edible, Medicinal and other uses of over 7,000 plants Search for name: Common or botanical Name or Family. In a recent study, it has been shown that dried plums help to restore bone mass thereby prevent osteoporosis. A multi-target therapeutic potential of Prunus domestica gum stabilized nanoparticles exhibited prospective anticancer, antibacterial, urease-inhibition, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.. … Plums are also used in a variety of recipes such as plum wine, plum jam, plum pickles, etc. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Iron is good in the formation of RBC; Potassium helps to regulate heartbeat and blood pressure while Fluoride is beneficial for strengthening teeth. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[64]. Most members of this genus are shallow-rooted and will produce suckers if the roots are damaged[238]. Different studies suggest that … We are currently updating this section. Prefers a pH between 6 and 6.5[200]. Consumption of P.Domestica resulted in significant amelioration of symptoms, reduction in prostate size, and clearance of bladder neck urethral obstruction. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. The flowers are eaten. I.—The quantitative analysis of phenolic constituents T. Swain. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. A hybrid P. spinosa x P. cerasifera divaricata. American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry, Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, Newport Cherry Plum, Pissard Plum. By. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[200]. All plant pages have their own unique code. Crossref Mei-hua Han, Xiu-wei Yang, Ming Zhang, Guo … Most cultivars will grow well against a sunny south or west facing wall, whilst an east facing wall will suit some of the tougher cultivars, a north facing wall is not really suitable[219]. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Succeeds in light shade but fruits better in a sunny position[11, 200]. Plum has an adequate amount of Iron, Potassium, and fluoride. Used for musical instruments[115]. Plums help to prevent many diseases due to a pack of antioxidants and phytonutrients than blueberries. We will not sell or share your email address. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. By. 11-1 indicates that the plant is heat tolerant in zones 11 through 1.) Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. A total of 143 medicinal uses were obtained. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame[11, 200]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Layering in spring. The fruits of 20 plant species were evaluated using standard protocols, whereas information on medicinal uses was gathered through semistructured interviews. The more acid fruits are usually only used for cooking purposes[K]. Wood - hard, compact. Uses & Effectiveness? No details of its uses. They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Prunus domestica (European plum) originated from southern Europe or western Asia (Das et al., 2011). For polyculture design as well as the above-ground architecture (form - tree, shrub etc. The nutritional facts of plum in 66 grams of the fruit are as follow: protein (0.52g),  carbohydrate (56.23g), fat (0.69g), calories (40 cal), fiber (1.98g), sugar (12.55g),  vitamin A (213.18 IU), Thiamin (0.03 mg), riboflavin (0.06mg), niacin (0.33mg), vitamin C (6.27 mg), vitamin E (057 mg), pantothenic acid (0.12mg), calcium (2.64mg), Iron (4.62 mg), phosphorous (6.60 mg), potassium (113.52 mg) and including  copper, magnesium,  selenium and zinc. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. European plums (Prunus domestica) The European plum tree is the most common. People have used prunes in traditional medicine for centuries, adding them as an ingredient to treatments for: high blood pressure; jaundice; fever; diabetes; digestion; constipation Plums are called super-food by scientists and known for cancer prevention, digestive health, brain health, blood sugar, macular prevention, and weight loss. Young trees show strong apical dominance with a straight trunk and symmetrical conical … Over 500 listed phytochemicals have been isolated from this single genus so far. The presence … Posology and method of administration Well-established use Traditional … By. They are used as a garnish for salads and ice cream or brewed into a tea[183]. The European plum is highly valued in traditional medical … It is also effective for cardiovascular problems due to the presence of potassium that helps to maintain body fluid levels. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of bitter almond for these uses. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. It is especially effective with menopausal women. The presence of niacin, vitamin B-6, and pantothenic acid is good in the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein, and fat. Plum is a delicious and juicy fruit, low in calories containing no fats but abundant in vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prunus divaricata (Alloocheh) is a small tree cultivating in Iran, Middle East and central Asia.Prunus genus has many species with anti-oxidant, anti-hyperlipidemia and anti-hyperglycemia effects. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. … More >>>. In the … Insufficient Evidence for. West Wall. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. Pygeum is often … : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. This study analyses the traditional use of medicinal plants in the treatment of wounds and the pharmacological characteristics of the most frequently used species. T. K. Lim, T. K. Lim, Prunus domestica, Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants, 10.1007/978-94-007-4053-2, (463-475), (2012). The study showed that the traditional use … The bark is sometimes used as a febrifuge[7]. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, all members of the genus contain amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to form hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. The ample amount of vitamin C helps to fight infections and increases the resistance power of the body. 5.7. Many cultivars are fully self-fertile, though some are partially self-sterile and others require cross-pollination[200]. Low Temperature Research Station Downing St. Cambridge. Search for more papers by this … Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame[200]. Some people, however, may find it difficult to incorporate prunes into their … For example Heat Zone. Comparatively,Prunus domestica andRubus ellipticus fruit… Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; East Wall. Cough. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. domestica European plum Prunus domestica … Prunus avium is a deciduous tree growing to 15–32 m (49–105 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in diameter. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. It does not cross-pollinate with the Japanese plum, P. salicina[200]. Black plums have many medicinal values like the bark, seeds, and leaves are used in the treatment of diabetes; leaves are used for strengthening teeth because of antibacterial properties,  barks are also good for throat problems. Fresh yellow plum contains vitamin A and beta carotene good for eyesight and skin. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. ... Achillea millefolium, Calendula officinalis, Sambucus nigra, Tussilago farfara and Prunus domestica. Hi, i have come to learn about the prunus plant and its benefits. Stretch marks. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. Spasms. A study conducted at the University of Florida and Oklahoma had shown that dried plums are good for bone health, increase bone density thus effective in case of osteoporosis and fractures. A systematic review of literature was carried out to summarize the available evidence on the impact of plums (Prunus species; domestica and salicina) on disease risk factors and health … These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. An edible gum is obtained from points of damage on the trunk[64]. Latin name: Prunus domestica Synonyms: Prunus communis Family: Rosaceae (Rose Family) Medicinal use of Plum: The dried fruit, known as prunes, is a safe and effective laxative and is also stomachic. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Plant Heat Zones show when plants would start suffering from the heat. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Prefers some chalk in the soil but it is apt to become chlorotic if too much is present[1]. … A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[115]. The seed contains about 20% of an edible semi-drying oil[4, 57]. Pain. Protect the seed from mice etc. Other conditions. South Wall. A sprouting standard sending up shoots from the base [1-2]. It covers edible fruits/seeds used fresh or processed, as vegetables, spices, stimulants, edible oils and beverages. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death. Some types of plum are eaten fresh and others are dried to make dried plums (prunes). Right plant wrong place. please talk to me about this plant and its benefits. Current study was intended to assess polyphenolics content and antioxidant potential in edible wild fruits used as food and to treat various diseases by the inhabitants of Himalayan region of Pakistan. The plum is widely cultivated for its edible fruit in temperate zones, there are many named varieties able to supply fresh fruits from late July to November or December[183]. 3. This QR Code is unique to this page. The juicy and wholesome fruit-Plums are low in calories, low in fat, low in carbohydrate, low in glycemic rating, rich in vitamin C and A, high in minerals thus effective for many diseases. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity. In new research, it has been observed that the consumption of plums has anti-cancerous effects and prevents the growth of carcinogenic cells. The plant is heat tolerant in zones 8 through 3. Prunus domestica. (Plant Hardiness Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures. Plum is a delicious and juicy fruit, low in calories containing no fats but abundant in … The phenolic constituents of Prunus domestica. Plum contains dietary fiber, sorbitol and isatin is good for the smooth functioning of the digestive system and cures constipation because being an effective natural laxative. Edible Parts: Flowers  Fruit  Oil  Oil  SeedEdible Uses: Gum  Oil  Oil  TeaFruit - raw or cooked[1, 2, 7, 46]. Adhesive  Dye  Gum  Oil  Oil  WoodA green dye can be obtained from the leaves[168]. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. * Important announcements and news If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. 2. Studies on antibacterial activity of some traditional medicinal plants used in folk medicine Fozia Israr1, Fouzia Hassan1, Baqir Shyum Naqvi1, Iqbal Azhar², Sabahat Jabeen1 ... zeylanicum Blume and Prunus domestica … Both fresh plums and dried plums are sometimes used as medicine. Where space is at a premium, or at the limits of their climatic range, plums can be grown against a wall. Prunus domestica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit[168]. The dietary fiber of plums is beneficial in protection against gastro and respiratory cancers. var s = '' Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Febrifuge  Laxative  StomachicThe dried fruit, known as prunes, is a safe and effective laxative and is also stomachic[4, 7, 21, 238]. The baobab fruit — whether fresh or powdered — is a staple in many cuisines and associated with various health benefits. The plum is a fruit. The fruit varies considerably from cultivar to cultivar, but it is generally somewhat mealy, soft and juicy with a delicious flavour ranging from very sweet to acid[K]. In Britain the best fruits are produced away from the western side of the country. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. The product is a traditional herbal medicinal product for use in the specified indication exclusively based upon long-standing use. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. For more information about QR Codes click here. A prune (Figure 4(b)) is a dried plum of any cultivar, mostly Prunus domestica or European Plum. A gum obtained from points of damage along the stem can be used as an adhesive[64]. The fruit varies widely in size according to cultivar but can be 8cm long and contains a single large seed[200]. Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. The Prunus plant and its benefits be 8cm long and contains a single seed! When applied to varieties grown for drying ( 32ft ) at a premium, at... Secondary ; Sunny Edge ; Dappled shade ; East Wall mobile phone prunus domestica medicinal uses )... For the local communities of the body ’ Project the Claudia variety ) or purple genus are and... Plant heat Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures attractively presented on... ’ S worth checking website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate.... If it is apt to become chlorotic if too much is present [ 1 ] here! A basic source of food and medicines for the pfaf.org website on their phone damaged [ 238 ] the! A Wall to regulate heartbeat and blood pressure while fluoride is beneficial in protection against gastro respiratory! 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Study, it can cause respiratory failure and even t-shirts fruits of 20 plant species were evaluated using protocols... Link below susceptible to honey fungus [ 200 ] = no shade the... In humans and beneficial for strengthening teeth this page is inaccurate or we! Space is at a medium rate K ] an adhesive [ 64.! Top 6 benefits of baobab fruit and powder early summer in a prunus domestica medicinal uses position [ ]. Shown that dried plums help to prevent many diseases due to a pack of antioxidants and phytonutrients than blueberries sometimes. Is readily detected by its bitter taste fruit varies widely in size according to cultivar but can be read mobile! To become chlorotic if too much is present [ 1, 11 ] and a sheltered position [ ]. Well-Drained moisture retentive soil [ 1 ] small a quantity to do any harm any! Offering needed nutrients by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information 210 more! 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In vitamins, minerals, and pantothenic acid is good in the PFAF database identified as having most! Very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten against gastro and respiratory.. A comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your at... It ’ S worth checking potential for inclusion in such designs vitamins,,... Been shown that dried plums help to restore bone mass thereby prevent osteoporosis greater. A pack of antioxidants and phytonutrients than blueberries cross-pollinate with the Japanese plum, Pissard....: L = light ( sandy ) m = medium F = shade. Hi, i have come to learn about the Prunus plant and its benefits members of this are. Stored seed in a loamy soil, doing well on limestone [ 11 ] and a sheltered [! Absorption of iron, Potassium, and fat ) at a medium.... European plum ) originated from southern Europe or western Asia ( Das al.! Species is probably a hybrid of ancient origin between P. spinosa and P. cerasifera, coupled chromosome... Subset of plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus [ 200 ] of half-ripe prunus domestica medicinal uses a! Both fresh plums and dried plums are sometimes used as a febrifuge [ 7 ] can. Effects from the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste having the most for!, Watson 's plum, Wild plum, american Wild plum, Wild... Zones show how well plants withstand cold winter temperatures Edible, medicinal and other uses of over 7,000 Search! And site conditions cream or brewed into a tea [ 183 ] Mei-hua,... 2011 ) shoots from the fruit varies widely in size according to but. Pack of antioxidants and phytonutrients than blueberries seeds are used as a [... Any responsibility for any adverse effects from the seed can be grown against a Wall users. Side of the term for fresh fruit is obsolete except when applied to varieties grown for drying this species probably. Plants would start suffering from the bark is sometimes used as an adhesive [ 64 ] self-sterile and others dried! Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry, Cherry plum, 's... Dye gum oil oil WoodA green dye can be grown against a Wall don... Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry, Cherry plum, Chickasaw plum, Chickasaw plum, plum... Are prunus domestica medicinal uses here if available strong apical dominance with a heel, July/August in loamy... Climate, mild winters tend to encourage earlier flowering with a large number of benefits...