81. In Redemption he is far above himself in creation. —Jean Daille. It is Jehovah who deigns to deal out to us our daily benefits, and he is the all sufficient and immutable God; therefore our rejoicing in him must never suffer diminution. Psalm 89:18 Or sovereign; Psalm 89:24 Horn here symbolizes strength. (a) When? The strain is more joyful, for experience has given the sweet singer a comfortable knowledge of the word of the Lord, and this makes a glad theme. He needs no mercy for himself, but he is a representative man, and the mercy of God is required for those who are in him: for such mercy is kept for ever. 27. 2. 22. For the LORD is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king. O Lord, I will always sing thy mercies in promising, and ever shew thy truth in performing thy promise made to David, thy chosen servant, concerning thy Son, my Saviour, saying, "Thy seed will I establish for ever." —Le Blanc. God’s faithfulness concerns heaven as well as earth, and he will establish it “in the very heavens.”, The complete fulfillment of this glorious covenant promise concerns, not only David and his seed, but “great David’s greater Son” and his spiritual seed, the chosen people with whom the Lord has made “an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure.”. He deserved the wrath, doubtless, but the Psalmist's point is, that this appeared to him to conflict with the gracious covenant. He then praises and magnifies the name of the Lord for his power, justice, and mercy, Psalms 89:5-14. For those whose days are few and full of trouble, yet may glorify God, and do some good, may keep their communion with God, and go to heaven, and then they are not made in vain. —David Dickson. How I do bear in my bosom the reproach, Ver 50. —A.R. There can never be an end to the throne of Christ, for his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom; and there can never be an end to the family of Christ, for his seed shall endure for ever. incomparably great in his BEING and EXISTENCE; (1) because his being is of himself eternal; 2. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments. Conformably to this appointment, the Jews, when they behold the rainbow, are said to bless God, who remembers his covenant and is faithful to his promise. 2. The Sovereignty of the divine government. No angel nor man was capable of it, but the Mighty One (Psalms 89:19) whom the Father points out to us as his chosen, Isaiah 13:1. —Thomas Boston. And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints. Or from the Old Testament to the New: for the blessed Apostles in their sermons usually cite sentences out of the Psalms. Ver. Is this according to the covenant? Rome and its priests, with their inquisition and other infernal cruelties, have laboured to exterminate the covenant seed, but "vain is their rage, their efforts vain." 25. Psalms 89:23. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto. This was very grievous to the writer of this Psalm, who was evidently a most loyal adherent of the house of David. Ver. Ver. Ver. Ephesians 1:6. —William Pulley. 1. Ver. Psalms 89:26-34. He hates sin too much not to visit it, and he loves his saints too well not to chasten them. Ver. A word once given is sacred; once let a promise pass our lips and honesty forbids that we should recall it, —unless indeed the thing promised be impossible, or wicked, neither of which can happen with the promises of God. The dispensations of providence looked as if there had been a disannulling of the sacred compact, though indeed it was not so. Not taken away sorrow for his departure and desire for his return. Lu 2:14, to "sing glory to the Highest"; for his grace to man is that miracle. Ver. And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints. Ver. Sometimes for his rectorial equity, or distributive justice which he exerciseth in the government of the world, rewarding the good and punishing evil doers: Psalms 97:2, "Righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne." A prophecy that the Messiah would be meek and lowly. The solemn covenant made with him in respect to the perpetuity of his throne. 7. Ver. 50. 91. that is, they are not worthy to be accounted shadows unto such a comparison with him. Very simply, I think. The history of the Church of Christ is a history of conflict, but it shall be a history of victory before it is completed: “I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.”. —Election, extraction, exaltation. "One that is mighty." 9. These are not the ungodly or the unconverted that are spoken of, but God's own children. no, for Seneca, though an heathen saith, major sum, etc., I am greater, and born to greater things, than that I should be a vile slave of my senses. The meaning of this passage appears to be, that the constancy of the celestial motions, the regular vicissitudes of day and night, and alternations of the seasons, were emblems of God's own immutability. God says, then, I will keep it for him; for ever and ever shall it be lodged in Christ, and Isis people shall enjoy it throughout eternity. Ver. If mercy had not paved the way, the coming of God to any man must have been swift destruction. And Charles the Fifth, at the Battle of Tunis, being advised to retire when the great ordnance began to play, told them that it was never known that an emperor was slain with great shot, and so rushed into the battle. God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints. —The sacred poet commences by affirming his belief in the faithfulness of the Lord to his covenant with the house of David, and makes his first pause at Psalms 89:4. With my holy oil have I anointed him. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore. Ver. In the Hebrew idiom all kings were the sons of God: but David is the chief of these, God's firstborn. This attribute he makes most of. 52. Literally, "I have equalized help", that is, I have laid or given sufficient help, "upon a mighty one". —by those who are the subjects of them. Commentary, Psalm 89:1-4, 15-18, Scott Shauf, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2011. Then the objector supposes—`Suppose the seed become unholy?' 16. With whom my hand shall be established. The pronoun "my" gives great emphasis to the promise, but this word is interpolated; and however truly it conveys an idea of the unspeakable superiority which belongs to Jesus Christ as the result of his relationship with God, still we shall find that, even without this important pronoun, the promise simply of being "firstborn" has a sublimity and grandeur about it which needs neither ornament nor addition. How I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people. Jesus must be among us, and then there will be no lack of force in any of our church agencies. When our heavenly Father is, as it were, forced to put forth his anger, he then makes use of a father's rod, not an executioner's axe. Be it so: but safe how? The grace of an unfaithful God would be a poor subject for music, but unchangeable love and immutable promises demand everlasting songs. Ver. Psalm 89 Matthew Henry's Commentary. 2. (a) Their internal glory. If they fall into sins of omission, and shoot short. Does God love you? Even thus we would entreat the Lord to remember the cause of Christ in these days. Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance. With my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations. his excellency so exceeds. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. He was a theocratic monarch, and the Lord, who gave him his crown, took it from him and treated it with contempt, —at least so it seemed. Ver. Jesus is no servant of princes, nor would he have his bride, the church, degrade herself by bowing before kings and eating the bread of a pensioner at their hands. It is a wonderful salvation, it is such a salvation as the angels desire to pry into it; and it is such a salvation, that all the prophets desire to pry into it; it is almost six thousand years since all the angels in heaven fell into a sea of wonder at this great salvation; it is almost six thousand years since Abel fell into a sea of wonder at this great salvation; and what think ye is his exercise this day? Studying the book of Psalm 1; shows a significant summary of the history, time and relevant details according to the bible’s acts based onSpurgeon - Matthew Bible Commentary and reading parallely the bible’s version King James Version. Who else could have been the Father's choice for this vast undertaking? Ver. Faithfulness declared. He is a reproach to his neighbours. (d) And finally, to a state of endless glory. He shall have his hand in the ocean and his right hand in earth's mightiest streams. Built up. 2. And the self same "light of God's countenance" in which you, O believer, are enabled to walk, and which at first gave you spiritual feet wherewith to walk, will keep you in a walking and in a working state, to the end of your warfare. "For out of the heart's abundance the mouth speaketh", Matthew 12:34. —John Boys. 25. for he is the "King of kings, and he is the Lord of lords; "a God above all gods, even angels themselves, as elsewhere the Psalmist hath it. God may leave his people, and they may thereby suffer much and fall very low, but utterly and altogether he never can remove his love from them; for that would be to cast a reflection upon his own truth, and this he will never allow, for he adds. Thus runs the covenant; and when the church declines, it is ours to plead it before the ever faithful God, as the Psalmist does in the latter verses of this sacred song. The word may be rendered graces, kindnesses, goodnesses, and designs the abundance of grace. —Arthur Pridham. The more gracious Christians are, the more will they be moved to jealousy by the sad estate of the Redeemer's cause, and the more will they argue the case with the great Covenant maker, crying day and night before him, "Thy kingdom come.". Kings as well as subjects, princes as well as the meanest rustics are liable to this fatal stroke. Ver. The Blue Letter Bible team has added a wide selection of Charles Spurgeon's sermons. Ver. the firstborn from the dead, and in Revelation 1:5, the first begotten of the dead; and, thirdly, because he had the rights of the firstborn; for he was appointed heir of all things; and he was made not only firstborn, but also, high above the kings of the earth; that is, Prince of the kings of the earth, and King of kings. New saith God, "I have made a covenant with him; "so then there is a covenant that God the Father hath made with Christ the Mediator; which covenant, the Father engages to the Son, shall stand fast, there shall be no cancelling or disannulling of it. How long? My mercy will I keep for him for evermore. As long as God lives, his people must live. This undoubtedly sounds like the voice of one who knows no hereafter. 3. A. Alexander. (a) To our own generation. Neither Christ nor his church can please the world, whichever way we turn scoffers will rail. The joyful sound is from Mount Sion. This Ethan said, and this we may say; come what will, mercy and faithfulness are built up by "the Eternal Builder", and his own nature is the guarantee for their perpetuity. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. The prayer of the dying thief, the troubled believer, the persecuted Christian. Answer is made, that the prophet will not only commend the mercies of the Lord in word, but also commit them unto writing. Spurgeon Sermons, Complete Set Browse the complete set of Charles Spurgeon’s 63 volumes of sermons below by expanding a section as you go, or perform a search here. May we have grace to claim a place among those in covenant with God, in Christ Jesus, for then a sense of divine favour will make us also bold and joyous. So is it with our covenant Lord and King. 2. Ver. He lets them arise, and he bids them sink down again. I will sing of the mercies of the Lord — He speaks this by way of preface, lest the following complaints of present miseries should argue ingratitude for former mercies. 19. 27. Ver. Selah. How can he then that begs his bread but for a day promise to spend his breath in magnifying the Lord for ever? Psalm 89:1 In Hebrew texts 89:1-52 is numbered 89:2-53. 34. Ver. I need not say to you that that is realized every day. Thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice. 2. 6. —The incomparableness of God, in his Being, Attributes, Works, and Word. 10. He who is taught by the Holy Spirit to be clear upon the covenant of grace will be a scribe well instructed in the things of the kingdom; he whose doctrinal theory is a mingle mangle of works and grace is scarcely fit to be teacher of babes. There is nothing to encourage sin about it; there is nothing to give us license, nothing to lead a man to boast, "I am safe at last." Let those deny the safety of the saints who choose to do so, we have not so learned Christ. In their religious character to the end of their own life. The most stable part of the universe is selected as a type of Messiah's kingdom, and both sun and moon are made to be symbols of its long endurance. —Thomas Goodwin. Ver. 36. Mercy may seem to depart from the Lord's chosen, but it shall never altogether do so. All other greatness is only for life: it is frequently less durable—at death it ends. ... Ethan, the Ezrahite 1 Psalm 89 Moses 1 Psalm 90 Solomon 1 Psalm 72 S.E.M. That God permits not his face to be seen before He has forgiven our sins through mercy: so Rickelius. Yea, his people shall continue to increase in number and excellency. That pleasantness and exuberance of a happy spirit, which by singing is instilled into the ears of the listeners, has a certain wonderful power of moving the affections; so that not in vain were pious minds taught by the Holy Spirit to inculcate the wonderful work of God in songs composed for this purpose, to commit them to memory and to appoint them to be sung. "Wherefore", etc. 14. It is the covenant of thy servant and his crown still. Our textual translation is, habitation; the marginal, establishment; the Septuagint, preparation; and, if I mistake not, our best modern interpreters render the original term, basis or foundation; which, on the whole, seems most agreeable. As to the words Amen and Amen, I readily grant that they are here employed to mark the end of the third book of the Psalms. Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face. In himself in all his works and ways—in his judgments as well as in his mercies— as the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ—"for evermore.". "I have laid." Some think that these words are not the words of the Psalmist, because they are of opinion that they do not agree with the preceding, but were written by another, or added by the Collector of the Psalms as a concluding doxology; or if the Psalmist wrote them, he did so merely in finishing his prayer. Ver. There may also be a reference here to the blowing of trumpets and other glad noises which attended the worship of Jehovah, who, unlike the gods of the heathen was not adored by the shrieks of wretched victims, or the yells and outcries of terror stricken crowds, but by the joyful shouts of his happy people. In the courts of kings this is a rare virtue. I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: David was the means of bringing great blessings to the people over whom he ruled. Jehoahaz reigned only three months, and was led captive to Egypt, where he died. Charles Haddon (C.H.) The Psalm ends upon its keynote of praise unto Jehovah. And not only is the immutability of his mercy illustrated by these things taken from what is firm on earth, but he ascends up to the heavens, and first into the very highest heavens: Psalms 89:2, For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever; thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens: comparing them to an house built not on earth, or upon a foundation of earth, which thieves break through, and violence destroys, but in heaven, whither they cannot reach. We need no other reason for rejoicing. Psalms 89:34-37. "Cast his throne down", etc. wilt thou hide thyself for ever? Thou hast profaned his crown, etc. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm." Ver. The Gauls, when invaded by the Romans, had no method of hardening iron; at every blow their swords bent, so that they were obliged, before they could strike again, to put them under their foot or over their knee, to straighten them; and in most cases, before this could be done, their better armed foe had taken away their life! -- The immutable word of God. And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. Piscator translates it, Vehementer formidandus, to be vehemently feared; and opposes it to that formal, careless, trifling, vain spirit, which too often is found in those that approach the Lord in the duties of his worship. Are they not indeed a people greatly blessed who can call this God their God for ever and ever? It was to his Father that he turned for help when in sore anguish in Gethsemane, and to him he committed his spirit in the article of death. With Jesus the covenant is ratified both by blood of sacrifice and by oath of God, it cannot be cancelled or altered, but is an eternal verity, resting upon the veracity of one who cannot lie. Ver. Wherefore hast thou made all men in vain? Therefore we praise thee, therefore we trust in thee, therefore we will not fear what man can do against us. To life, sense, which he denieth unto plants. The edge of their sword was turned, so that they could not stand in battle; and hence the Gauls were conquered by the Romans. The Jews, his foes, shall fall before him; they shall be smitten down in their rejection of hint; they shall perish from off their land, and be dispersed abroad among the nations. Fire cannot injure it; storms cannot overthrow it; age cannot impair it. —Richard Mant. I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto. The essence of the gospel lies in the covenant which God has made with his Son, Jesus Christ, on behalf of all his chosen people. Can you discern the difference between the true and the false gospel? The Chaldee understands it of the slackness of the footsteps. Then will I visit their transgression with the rod. The allusion appears to us to be made to a cruel and unjust creditor, who exacts not only his just debts, but some exaggerated demand, with usurious interest, which was not permitted. Sometimes for the infinite rectitude and equity of his nature: Psalms 11:7, "The righteous Lord loveth righteousness." i.e., say some, in the starry heavens, among the celestial bodies, sun, moon, or stars; which were adored as gods, not only by the Persians, but also by some idolatrous Jews, because of their brightness and beauty, their lustre and glory. They shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance. This is rather implied than directly stated in the present Psalm. i.e., say others, in the heaven of heavens, the highest, the third heavens, among the celestial spirits, cherubims and seraphims, angels and archangels, principalities and powers, thrones and dominions? shall thy wrath burn like fire? Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. It was planned from everlasting, and will know no ruin or decay, through the illimitable line of eternity itself. If so brief, do not make it altogether bitter. 'S chosen, etc the time of the cause of Jesus is yet to come in millennial. The dynasty of David but nothing shall you hear but bitter querimonies and expostulations till come. Wretchedness, by Pastor C. A. Davis Escurial the palace of the saints as to her. Spain, is evermore consolidated by the surrounding Gentiles when at any time they fell into.. 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