It worked and the Nerva-Antonine dynasty which had ruled Rome for nearly a century had come to an end and the city soon descended into civil war. Statues were erected of the emperor depicted as the mythological hero all over the city, including one made of solid gold and weighing in at nearly 1,000 pounds. Silver Spoon in Mouth. The only male son of Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperor. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. Father … Lucius joined Marcus in his campaign against invading German tribes along the Danube, but after the death of Marcus (March 180) he quickly came to terms with the Germans. The megalomania of Commodus was not limited to the Colosseum. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix. August 161 n.Chr. 4 He Didn’t Actually Do Any Of His Duties. After a failed assassination attempt in 182, however, his rule became erratic and brutal, and he imagined himself to be Hercules. Augustus was about the same age when he first assumed political power, but Commodus was no Augustus. He also declared himself to be an incarnation of the god Hercules and forced the senate to recognize his divinity. 1 Biography 2 What … Kommentieren . He kept most of the advisers from his father’s regime in place and the first three years of his reign ran as smoothly as that of his father with the added benefit that Rome was no longer fighting any wars. All a man can do is smile back. Gladiator and Death. 1. But the real life Commodus loved gladiators more than he loved women. After battling with the Germans, the general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. Commodus did nothing to save the head of his government. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. The plot failed, and Commodus retaliated by executing a number of leading senators. Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. Broken bones, the death of a star, tigers on the loose: The story behind Ridley Scott’s Gladiator. The first attempt used poisoned meat, but Commodus vomited it up. The first, Sextus Tigidius Perennis, Commodus put to death after becoming convinced he was conspiring against him. Dreck lässt sich leichter abwaschen als Blut. 8.) So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. With the death of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in March of 180 CE, the long reign of the five good emperors came to an end and with it so did the Pax Romana (the Roman Peace). The general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. After this look at Commodus, check out these interesting facts about Ancient Rome. A slave who became a gladiator. Death smiles at us all. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The emperor eventually decided to abandon “the reins of the empire” and chose to give “himself up to chariot-racing and licentiousness and performed scarcely any of the duties pertaining to his office.” He appointed a series of his favorites to manage the administration of his empire, each of whom seemed crueler and more incompetent than the last. …emperor Marcus Aurelius and his son spent the next 20 years curbing their inroads, and archaeology shows that the wars were highly destructive. In Gladiator Begins, Commodus, although ruthless in pursuit of his goals, shows great respect and admiration for the Protagonist. In 177 Lucius was made coruler and heir to his father, the emperor Marcus Aurelius (reigned 161–180). On November 27, 176, Aurelius promoted 15-year old Commodus to the rank of Imperator, which some say is a role similar to commander. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor … This migration was one manifestation of a broader problem, for between about 150 and 200 a whole series of Germanic groups moved south along the river valleys…. The Romans found Commodus' naked gladiatorial combats to be scandalous and disgraceful. As Edward Gibbon noted in his famous Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in the intervening years between the death of Domitian and the reign of Commodus, “the vast extent of the Roman empire was governed by absolute power, under the guidance of virtue and wisdom.” The “Five Good Emperors,” ruled efficiently and under them the Roman people enjoyed “a rational freedom.” However, just when the days of the mad emperors seemed long gone, Commodus brought the madness roaring back. A small group of conspirators, including the emperor’s chamberlain and mistress, Marcia, decided to kill him. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker. Learn More: Triumphs and Flaws of Imperial Rome. Kommentieren . He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. Nowadays Commodus is best remembered as the villain of Ridley Scott’s movie “Gladiator”, a sneering and arrogant portrayal by Joaquin Phoenix. Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix. He gave Rome a new name, Colonia Commodiana (Colony of Commodus), and imagined that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow. Add interesting content and earn coins Thereafter his rule became increasingly arbitrary and vicious. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. When Marcus Aurelius tells Commodus his decision, Commodus - who has always felt unloved and ignored by his father - flies into a rage and strangles him. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix in the 2000 film Gladiator. But once Marcus Aurelius died in 180 A.D. (of natural causes, not at his son’s own hand, as depicted in Gladiator), Commodus hastily made peace with the tribes so he could return to Rome “to enjoy the pleasure of the capital with the servile and profligate youths whom Marcus had banished, but who soon regained their station and influence about the emperor.”, Despite his unusual personal tastes, Commodus at first behaved more like a typical spoiled, rich youth than a bloody dictator. But being Rome’s daddy wasn’t enough for Commodus. “Your fame is well deserved, Spaniard. Commodus was assassinated. Maximus: [removes helmet and turns around to face Commodus] My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the TRUE emperor, Marcus Aurelius. He is often regarded as one of the Roman Empire's worst emperors since he brought Rome to decadence, leading to the Crisis of Third Century. The Death of Commodus, from a history book published in 1900. He appears to have won every bout he fought. He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker. Corrections? I don’t think there’s ever been a gladiator to match you. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (i… Commodus: The True Story Of The Mad Roman Emperor Immortalized In ‘Gladiator’, Commodus exposes Lucilla’s plot in this scene from, Commodus is confronted by Maximus in the arena in this scene from. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. Commodus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192 CE) was the emperor of Rome between 180–192 CE. His brutal misrule precipitated civil strife that ended 84 years of stability and prosperity within the empire. So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. Whatever its roots, the conspiracy failed and the incident aroused an insane paranoia in Commodus, who began seeing plots and treachery everywhere. Commodus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus; 31 August, 161 AD - 31 December, 192 AD), was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192.He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. The Romans found Commodus' naked gladiatorial combats to be scandalous and disgraceful. Teilen. Commodus was Roman emperor from 180 to 192 CE. In 182 Commodus’s sister Lucilla conspired with a group of senators to assassinate him. Would the ending of "Gladiator" have been such an emotional knockout if Maximus beat Commodus … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. Titus died when he and Commodus were four years old, and the following year Commodus was officially given the rank of “Caesar”. wurde Those emperors who followed for the next century would witness a time of both chaos and decline. Leaving his earthly body behind after an illness during a military campaign (scholars suspect the plague, not “fathercide” as the film Gladiator suggests), Commodus became the sole ruler of Rome at the ripe old age of 18 and the first thing he did was reduce the purity of Roman currency. Find GIFs with the latest and newest hashtags! In a recreation of the Battle of Zama (incorrectly named the Battle of Carthage) at the Colosseum, Maximus leads Proximo's gladiators to decisive victory against a more powerful force, much to the amazement of the crowd. Umarmungen Gladiator, von Commodus. Disappointment aside, Aurelius continued to promote Commodus through the ranks. Had Commodus been emperor from AD 177, no-one doubted that true power remained in the hands of his father. He executed the two would-be assassins along with a group of prominent senators who were also allegedly involved while Lucilla was exiled to Capri before also being killed on her brother’s orders a year later. He was the tenth of fourteen children and the only son to survive - his twin brother Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius died at the age of four. And so his reign is generally seen to have begun on the death of his father in AD 180. And the wise Marcus Aurelius, known as the “Philosopher” and the last of the “Five Good Emperors,” would be succeeded by his son Commodus, whose descent into madness would be immortalized throughout the millennia (including a heavily fictionalized account in the popular 2000 film Gladiator). 4. Anyone who caught the emperor’s attention risked also inadvertently invoking his wrath. He was the brother of Princess Lucilla, and uncle of Lucius. Gina Dimuro is a New York-based writer and translator. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several year… Commodus as gladiator. Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius, was a failure as a Roman emperor. “A general who became a slave. When a freak fire torched half of Rome’s downtown area in 191, Commodus did what any emperor was … He appears to have won every bout he fought. 9# Commodus’ death. Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘ philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius , was a failure as a Roman emperor.He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. But Commodus was not satisfied with such private fights. The executions of the senators had whet his appetite for blood and he devoted himself “to combats of wild beasts and of men.” Not merely content to hunt in private, the emperor began to perform in the Colosseum itself, competing as a gladiator to the delight of the crowds and horror of the senate, as depicted in Gladiator. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. In the later stages of his reign Commodus became ever more obsessed with performing as a gladiator. Commodus also had a passion for gladiatorial combat, which he took so far as to take to the arena himself, dressed as a gladiator. But despite Commodus being renowned for his fascination for Hercules, and his statues depicting him with the symbols, the club and the lion skin, the movie Gladiator, makes no mention of such displays, even though they could have used it to highlight Commodus’ megalomania. The long line of Roman emperors is marked with a strange pattern: Almost every exceptionally brilliant emperor was succeeded by an exceptionally mad one. Commodus Antoninus (コンモドゥス), is the Emperor of Rome in Colosseum: Road to Freedom, and in Gladiator Begins, the young heir apparent to the throne.In Colosseum: Road to Freedom, Commodus's madness has consumed him after his sister made an attempt on his life. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. Only a famous death will do. “Your fame is well deserved, Spaniard. Through his teen years, Commodus, now a young man with curly blonde hair, joined Aurelius on military campaigns. Omissions? They then sent in an athlete to strangle the 31-year old emperor in his bath. Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor– a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Commodus brought an end to his father's campaign against the Germans. In Gladiator Lucius Commodus proclaims his desire to hold the Roman citizens to his bosom like a father. His accession as emperor was the first time a son had succeeded his father since Titus succeeded Vespasian in 79. Born on August 31, 161 AD, to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife … Gladiator, von Maximus. With Tenor, maker of GIF Keyboard, add popular Gladiator Commodus animated GIFs to your conversations. 4# Commodus the gladiator. Jan 3, 2019 Ian Harvey (Photo By Getty Images) Ancient Rome was full of colorful characters. Die korrekte Reihenfolge wäre Decimus Meridius Maximus. 38. Every time he appeared in the arena, he charged his own people enormous sums for the privilege of seeing him, helping to bankrupt the Roman economy in the process. Not only were the senators and knights forced to attend whenever Commodus took to the sand, but they also had to chant: “You are lord and you are first, of all men most fortunate. Commodus would “enter the arena in the garb of Mercury and casting aside all his other garments, would begin his exhibition wearing only a tunic and unshod.”, As disgusted as the senators were by the sight of their emperor running around half-naked in the sands of the amphitheater, they were too terrified to do anything but play along. [turns away from Commodus] Commodus: How dare you show your back to me! Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. Then, discover the most fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. Pixabay. But this slaughter was simply the warm-up act to the main event: the emperor was also planning to fight as a gladiator. He even changed parts of his palace into an arena in order to fight beasts there or gladiators. By 192 A.D., the Roman people had had enough. In fact, the rule of Commodus might have gone down as quite unremarkable in the history of Rome were it not for one unfortunate incident. Seine Grausamkeit ist legendär. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. Commodus (161-192) was the son of Marcus Aurelius. The True Story of Commodus the Cruel Gladiator Emperor. After … In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. Wikimedia CommonsA bust of Roman Emperor Commodus, styled as if he were a reincarnation of Hercules, which is precisely what he believed himself to be. Commodus, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 180 ce) Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, (born August 31, 161 ce, Lanuvium, Latium [now Lanuvio, Italy]—died December 31, 192), Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor – a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. The benevolent emperor Claudius who improved Rome with public works was followed by his stepson Nero, who infamously burnt it to the ground. Jan 3, 2019 Ian Harvey (Photo By Getty Images) Ancient Rome was full of colorful characters. Russell Crowe Had No Idea About His ‘Gladiator’ Death Scene Until Middle of Filming. Dio notes that Commodus was a left-handed gladiator, a fact of which he was very proud. Commodus is the main antagonist in the 2000 film, Gladiator. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. The first of these inept emperors was Commodus, the son … fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. 9.) Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several years. He succeeded his father as Augustus after he killed him. Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus was born August 31, 161 AD in what is now Lanuvio, Italy to Emperor Marcus … Maximus: [removes helmet and turns around to face Commodus] My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the TRUE emperor, Marcus Aurelius. The powerful general is unable to save his family, and his loss of will allows him to get captured and put into the Gladiator games until he dies. Updates? In Rome, Commodus reopens the gladiatorial games to commemorate his father's death, and Proximo's company of gladiators are hired to participate. Not only he is depicted by many historians as dressing and fighting in the arena as a gladiator himself, but he also kept some of them as bodyguards, and spent long periods of time with them. Learn More: Triumphs and Flaws of Imperial Rome. Commodus didn’t really bother with the duties of being an … The following year, Commodus became Aurelius’ co-Emperor, and they reigned together from then until Aurelius’ death in 180. The powerful general is unable to save his family, and his loss of will allows him to get captured and put into the Gladiator games until he dies. As the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus was the first Roman emperor to have been "born in the purple," and thus dynastically selected to be his successor. Commodus is the main antagonist in the 2000 film, Gladiator. “Commodus was a greater curse to the Romans than any pestilence or any crime” and the city had descended into bankruptcy and chaos. Meanwhile, Commodus was lapsing into insanity. Teilen . 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